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Citation: Hak Yin Li, “Discrepancies, political discourses, and implications of China’s multidimensional diplomacy”, in Multidimensional Diplomacy of Contemporary China, ed. Simon Shen and Jean-Marc F. Blanchard (Lanham, MD.: Lexington Books, 2010), 47-69.
Abstract: The rise of China has been a very popular topic among the mass media, research think tanks and the academic community. As China’s economic growth has greatly increased since the 1990s, many believe that Chinese economic gains will result in the commensurate rise of its political and military capabilities. Moreover as a rising power, the international community naturally expects China to play a greater role in global affairs. The United States even regards China as one of the stakeholders in the established international system and hopes that China can take up increasing responsibility in maintaining international peace and stability. Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, not only the United States, but China would like to tackle the rising challenge of non-state actors such as terrorists, extremists and separatists. In the face of changing international circumstances, China obviously could not maintain Deng Xiaoping’s Taoguang Yanghui doctrine (“be skillful in hiding one’s capacities and biding one’s time”). Indeed, it is difficult for China to keep a low profile with her continuously increasing interactions in the world.